News from the Global South
CAPF Okays Transgender Persons’ Hiring
Hindustan Times - New Delhi, India, 7/4/2020
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) on July 1, 2020 sought the views of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) to add transgender as the third gender category in relevant application forms ahead of the annual examination for recruiting assistant commandants to be held in December, 2020. In a letter sent over a month ago, the MHA had asked the personnel departments of the Central Industrial Security Force and Indo-Tibet Border Police for their views on the matter, which are expected to respond soon. Vidya Rajput, a member of the Chhattisgarh Transgender Welfare Board, said that while the news was welcome, additional seats for transgender persons must be created across all government posts.
Outrage as Indian Judge Calls Alleged Rape Victim ‘Unbecoming’
BBC - New Delhi, India, 7/3/2020
Granting bail to a rape accused recently, Justice Krishna S Dixit of the Karnataka High Court said he found the victim’s statement “a bit difficult to believe”. Justice Dixit went on to ask why the woman did “not object to consuming drinks with him”. The judge added that her explanation that she was tired after the rape and fell asleep is “unbecoming of an Indian woman”. In response to his remarks, outraged civil liberties activists, writers and journalists asked if there was a ‘guide’ or ‘rulebook’ to being a rape victim. Madhu Bhushan, a women’s rights activist in Bangalore, said the language in the court order normalised sexual violence and enforced the idea that rape is the victim’s fault.
Japanese Women Feeling Pressured by Rise of Perfect 'Mama': Study
The Mainichi, Japan, 7/2/2020
According to new research from Cambridge University, Japanese media are creating idealized images of working mothers that women may find off-putting and hard to emulate in real life. The study also reveal how recent campaigns to promote ‘plus-size women’ are superficial because society still tends to look down on those who are overweight and sees them as being lazy and immature. The image of a mother finding happiness through child-rearing while also enjoying a career seems to be adding a lot of pressure on Japanese women. Moreover, mothers are expected to project an elegant and sophisticated style that exudes an air of ‘responsibility and maturity.’
Pakistan Army Appoints First Female Lieutenant General
The Indian Express - Islamabad, Pakistan, 7/1/2020
Major General Nigar Johar, who got the coveted post of a three-star general, has been appointed as the first female surgeon general of the Pakistan Army. In 2017, she became the third woman officer in the Pakistan Army to attain the rank of major general. The other two women major generals were Shahida Badsha and Shahida Malik. Major General Nigar Johar graduated from the Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, in 1985 and joined the army’s Medical Corps. General Maj Gen Babar Iftikhar, director of the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) tweeted, “She is the 1st female officer to be promoted as Lieutenant General. The officer has been appointed as 1st female Surgeon General of Pak Army.”
India Accounts for 45.8 Million of the World's 'Missing Females': UN Report
The Economic Times, India, 6/30/2020
As per a report by the United Nations, India accounts for 45.8 million of the world's 142.6 million ‘missing females’ over the past 50 years. The report further adds that the country along with China form the majority of such women globally. The State of World Population 2020 report released on June 30, 2020 by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the world organisation's sexual and reproductive health agency, said that the number of ‘missing women’ has more than doubled over the past 50 years. The report highlights that that preference for a male child manifested in sex selection has led to dramatic, long-term shifts in the proportions of women and men in the populations of some countries.